Prof. Dr. Yfaat Weiss (Director): Simon-Dubnow-Institut
The protests of Wadi Salib generated for the first time a kind of political awareness of an existing ethnic discrimination among Israeli Jews. However, before that, Wadi Salib existed as an impoverished Arab neighborhood. The war of displaced its residents, even though the presence of the absentees and the Arab name still linger. Weiss investigates the erasure of Wadi Salib's Arab heritage and its emergence as an Israeli site of memory. At the core of her quest lies the concept of property, as she merges the constraints of former Arab ownership with requirements and restrictions pertaining to urban development and the emergence of its entangled memory.
Establishing an association between Wadi Salib's Arab refugees and subsequent Moroccan evacuees, Weiss allegorizes the Israeli amnesia about both eventual storiesthat of the former Arab inhabitants and that of the riots of , occurring at different times but in one place. Describing each in detail, Weiss uncovers a complex, multilayered, and hidden history.
Through her sensitive reading of events, she offers uncommon perspective on the personal and political making of Israeli belonging. Toon meer Toon minder. Recensie s This beautifully written book tells the story of refugees and immigrants who lived during the twentieth century in a single neighborhood in Haifa Wadi Salib , enduring victimization as a result of war and long ethnic, national, and social discrimination and transformation.
Yfaat Weiss focuses on a pre Palestinian neighborhood in a predominantly Jewish City, laying out the way the displacement of Palestinians gave way to Jewish migrants, who were themselves refugees enduring social discrimination in Israel and were evicted as a result of Israel's most famous social upheaval , a watershed moment in Israeli ethnic relations between Ashkenazy and Sephardic Jews.
This captivating history of a mosaic of exclusion and inclusion of national and immigrant minorities-in addition to its other merits, it is an outstanding urban study--reveals the parallel and separate experiences of repeated displacement. This community of 'diachronic neighbors' illuminates the memory of a place and a sequence of displacements. On Germans and Jews under the Nazi Regime. Essays by Three Generations of Historians. Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, , pp.
Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, , pp. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, , pp.
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Material Restoration in Europe. New York: Berghahn Books, , pp. Homeland and Diasporas. Greeks, Jews, and Their Migrations. Tauris, , pp. Jerusalem: Carmel, , pp.
Racism in Israel. Hague: Republic of Letters, , pp. Jan Philipp Reemtsma zum Hamburg: Hamburger Edition, , pp. Hermeneutik als Lebenspraxis.
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- A Confiscated Memory: Wadi Salib and Haifa's Lost Heritage;
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Ein Vorschlag von Hans-Georg Soeffner. Weinheim: Beltz Juwenta, , pp. Hebrew, invited article. Jewish Studies at the CEU, vol. Yfaat Weiss, Marion, A. Yfaat Weiss, Tina M. Wadi Salib was established near the old city walls in , shortly after modern Haifa had been established by Zahir al-Umar. The neighborhood was populated by Muslim and Christian Arabs until the mid-nineteenth century, when development in Haifa began pushing outwards to other parts of the city.
After the arrival of Jewish settlers in early 20th century, Wadi Salib and nearby Wadi Nisnas remained important Arab neighborhoods in Haifa. In the s and s, both were sites of numerous riots over British rule and increased Jewish immigration to British Mandate Palestine.
A Confiscated Memory: Wadi Salib and Haifa's Lost Heritage
By the end of the Arab-Israeli War , 60, Arabs had left the city and few were permitted to return to their homes in Wadi Salib and other areas, as most of the buildings of Wadi Salib that had belonged to Palestinian refugees and internally displaced Palestinians were confiscated under the Absentee Property Law. Between May and March , about 24, immigrants, many of them survivors of the Holocaust, were settled in the former Arab quarters of Wadi Salib. Moroccan Jews were soon to follow. On the evening of 8 July , a Mizrahi Jewish resident of Wadi Salib was shot and wounded by police in the course of a brawl.
The next day, hundreds of residents marched in what was to become the first of a series of violent demonstrations against the government, the Labor Party and the Histadrut around the country. The riots in Wadi Salib awakened public awareness in Israel of the economic distress suffered by Jewish immigrants from the Arab countries. Newspapers of the time referred to the rioting as the "Moroccans' revolt.